The American University School of Communication's Center for Social Media has released a report on what constitutes fair use of copyrighted video and material online.
It is a code of best practices that helps creators, online providers, copyright holders, and others interested in the making of online video interpret the copyright doctrine of fair use. Fair use is the right to use copyrighted material without permission or payment under some circumstances.
A panel of experts including academics, scientists, lawyers and professionals gathered together to put forth what they believe is a comprehensive fair use doctrine covering material that is copyrighted. It does not include any public domain or Creative Commons usage issues or recommendations. The 16-page report outlines various uses that would be considered Fair Use and include:
- Commenting on or Critiquing of Copyrighted Material.
- Usage for illustration or example.
- Capturing incidentally or accidentally.
- Reproducing, reposting or quoting to memorialize, preserve or rescue.
- Copying, reposting or recirculating to stimulate discussion.
- Quoting and recombining to show relationship
As stated in the report these are not the only possible fair uses of copyrighted material, but they represent the most common uses currently. They go on to further say that noncommerical use is generally Fair Use but only when limited to a specific closed group and not when generally available. There are also very commercial uses that could be Fair Use as well.
This report is indeed interesting reading for anyone who is or is considering the usage of copyrighted material in any of their current or future online video projects and is recommended reading. You can read the report online or download it as a PDF.